I think you’re asking if there is a public database that shows the history of previous ownership. The answer, so far as I know, is no. This has been asked by others and I’ve never seen a link or a reference to such a database.
Part of the reason is that vehicle registration records exist state-by-state, and they historically used different formats and protocols for recording vehicle identification numbers, which themselves have changed formats over the years. So it wouldn’t be an easy database to compile on a national level. Then there are the privacy issues.